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Thursday, June 29, 2017
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Mughals

Humayun Badshah.

Expanded from a thesis approved by the London university in 1927 and published in 1938 as a full fledged academic book on the early reign of the second Mughal emperor, the Humayun Badshah remains an unchallenged authority on the embattled Turcko-Mongol regent Naseer-ud-din-baig-Muhammad-Humayun.

Din Panah, the city of Humayun.

Built during the reign of the second Mughal emperor Naseer-ud-din-baig-Muhammad-Humayun, almost within the span of a year, the citadel of Din Panah stands testament of a now completely gone medieval city that once eclipsed nearly all towns and cities of Persia and Central Asia as a refuge for the learned, wise and members of all faiths of Islam world.

Humayun the Merciful.

Humayun the second Mughal emperor.

A forefather of modern age artillery.

Invented by the Iranian Fathullah of Shiraz, the Mughal multi-barrel cannon is one of the earliest forms of the volley gun known to man.

The star of David or the Hindu Shanmukha?

Used by cultures separated by time and distance, the hexagram is a curious symbol with an origin shrouded in mystery. In India both the Afghans and Mughals made use of the symbol in architecture but for what purpose?

Baburnama.

Written in Babur’s own native tongue of Chagatai (a now extinct Turkic dialect), translated into Persian and then finally into English, Baburnama, is more than the autobiography of the first Mughal emperor.

The man who eclipsed emperors even in death.

Constructed by his son and heir, the mausoleum of Safdurjung, a Persian Noble who lived and died during the waning days of a Mughal Empire is the last great monumental construction in tomb architecture of the period.

Built by a woman prime minister of the Mughal court.

The mosque's sponsoring regent was a women of exceptional talent who rose from the humble ranks of wet nurse to the Mughal emperor Akbar to Prime Minister.

Boats of paradise.

A sturdy wooden Shikara glides across the azure expanse of the Dal Lake in Srinagar, Kashmir, India in this photo by Sapna Kumar.

What men could do, Yarghu could do better.

Based on the drawings of a 15th century Iranian inventor, the Yarghu, at the National Science Centre, is a Mughal era cannon cleaner with no similar contraption existing anywhere else in the world.